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Gridcoin 5.0.0.0-Mandatory "Fern" Release

https://github.com/gridcoin-community/Gridcoin-Research/releases/tag/5.0.0.0
Finally! After over ten months of development and testing, "Fern" has arrived! This is a whopper. 240 pull requests merged. Essentially a complete rewrite that was started with the scraper (the "neural net" rewrite) in "Denise" has now been completed. Practically the ENTIRE Gridcoin specific codebase resting on top of the vanilla Bitcoin/Peercoin/Blackcoin vanilla PoS code has been rewritten. This removes the team requirement at last (see below), although there are many other important improvements besides that.
Fern was a monumental undertaking. We had to encode all of the old rules active for the v10 block protocol in new code and ensure that the new code was 100% compatible. This had to be done in such a way as to clear out all of the old spaghetti and ring-fence it with tightly controlled class implementations. We then wrote an entirely new, simplified ruleset for research rewards and reengineered contracts (which includes beacon management, polls, and voting) using properly classed code. The fundamentals of Gridcoin with this release are now on a very sound and maintainable footing, and the developers believe the codebase as updated here will serve as the fundamental basis for Gridcoin's future roadmap.
We have been testing this for MONTHS on testnet in various stages. The v10 (legacy) compatibility code has been running on testnet continuously as it was developed to ensure compatibility with existing nodes. During the last few months, we have done two private testnet forks and then the full public testnet testing for v11 code (the new protocol which is what Fern implements). The developers have also been running non-staking "sentinel" nodes on mainnet with this code to verify that the consensus rules are problem-free for the legacy compatibility code on the broader mainnet. We believe this amount of testing is going to result in a smooth rollout.
Given the amount of changes in Fern, I am presenting TWO changelogs below. One is high level, which summarizes the most significant changes in the protocol. The second changelog is the detailed one in the usual format, and gives you an inkling of the size of this release.

Highlights

Protocol

Note that the protocol changes will not become active until we cross the hard-fork transition height to v11, which has been set at 2053000. Given current average block spacing, this should happen around October 4, about one month from now.
Note that to get all of the beacons in the network on the new protocol, we are requiring ALL beacons to be validated. A two week (14 day) grace period is provided by the code, starting at the time of the transition height, for people currently holding a beacon to validate the beacon and prevent it from expiring. That means that EVERY CRUNCHER must advertise and validate their beacon AFTER the v11 transition (around Oct 4th) and BEFORE October 18th (or more precisely, 14 days from the actual date of the v11 transition). If you do not advertise and validate your beacon by this time, your beacon will expire and you will stop earning research rewards until you advertise and validate a new beacon. This process has been made much easier by a brand new beacon "wizard" that helps manage beacon advertisements and renewals. Once a beacon has been validated and is a v11 protocol beacon, the normal 180 day expiration rules apply. Note, however, that the 180 day expiration on research rewards has been removed with the Fern update. This means that while your beacon might expire after 180 days, your earned research rewards will be retained and can be claimed by advertising a beacon with the same CPID and going through the validation process again. In other words, you do not lose any earned research rewards if you do not stake a block within 180 days and keep your beacon up-to-date.
The transition height is also when the team requirement will be relaxed for the network.

GUI

Besides the beacon wizard, there are a number of improvements to the GUI, including new UI transaction types (and icons) for staking the superblock, sidestake sends, beacon advertisement, voting, poll creation, and transactions with a message. The main screen has been revamped with a better summary section, and better status icons. Several changes under the hood have improved GUI performance. And finally, the diagnostics have been revamped.

Blockchain

The wallet sync speed has been DRASTICALLY improved. A decent machine with a good network connection should be able to sync the entire mainnet blockchain in less than 4 hours. A fast machine with a really fast network connection and a good SSD can do it in about 2.5 hours. One of our goals was to reduce or eliminate the reliance on snapshots for mainnet, and I think we have accomplished that goal with the new sync speed. We have also streamlined the in-memory structures for the blockchain which shaves some memory use.
There are so many goodies here it is hard to summarize them all.
I would like to thank all of the contributors to this release, but especially thank @cyrossignol, whose incredible contributions formed the backbone of this release. I would also like to pay special thanks to @barton2526, @caraka, and @Quezacoatl1, who tirelessly helped during the testing and polishing phase on testnet with testing and repeated builds for all architectures.
The developers are proud to present this release to the community and we believe this represents the starting point for a true renaissance for Gridcoin!

Summary Changelog

Accrual

Changed

Most significantly, nodes calculate research rewards directly from the magnitudes in EACH superblock between stakes instead of using a two- or three- point average based on a CPID's current magnitude and the magnitude for the CPID when it last staked. For those long-timers in the community, this has been referred to as "Superblock Windows," and was first done in proof-of-concept form by @denravonska.

Removed

Beacons

Added

Changed

Removed

Unaltered

As a reminder:

Superblocks

Added

Changed

Removed

Voting

Added

Changed

Removed

Detailed Changelog

[5.0.0.0] 2020-09-03, mandatory, "Fern"

Added

Changed

Removed

Fixed

submitted by jamescowens to gridcoin [link] [comments]

Comparison between Avalanche, Cosmos and Polkadot

Comparison between Avalanche, Cosmos and Polkadot
Reposting after was mistakenly removed by mods (since resolved - Thanks)
A frequent question I see being asked is how Cosmos, Polkadot and Avalanche compare? Whilst there are similarities there are also a lot of differences. This article is not intended to be an extensive in-depth list, but rather an overview based on some of the criteria that I feel are most important.
For better formatting see https://medium.com/ava-hub/comparison-between-avalanche-cosmos-and-polkadot-a2a98f46c03b
https://preview.redd.it/e8s7dj3ivpq51.png?width=428&format=png&auto=webp&s=5d0463462702637118c7527ebf96e91f4a80b290

Overview

Cosmos

Cosmos is a heterogeneous network of many independent parallel blockchains, each powered by classical BFT consensus algorithms like Tendermint. Developers can easily build custom application specific blockchains, called Zones, through the Cosmos SDK framework. These Zones connect to Hubs, which are specifically designed to connect zones together.
The vision of Cosmos is to have thousands of Zones and Hubs that are Interoperable through the Inter-Blockchain Communication Protocol (IBC). Cosmos can also connect to other systems through peg zones, which are specifically designed zones that each are custom made to interact with another ecosystem such as Ethereum and Bitcoin. Cosmos does not use Sharding with each Zone and Hub being sovereign with their own validator set.
For a more in-depth look at Cosmos and provide more reference to points made in this article, please see my three part series — Part One, Part Two, Part Three
(There's a youtube video with a quick video overview of Cosmos on the medium article - https://medium.com/ava-hub/comparison-between-avalanche-cosmos-and-polkadot-a2a98f46c03b)

Polkadot

Polkadot is a heterogeneous blockchain protocol that connects multiple specialised blockchains into one unified network. It achieves scalability through a sharding infrastructure with multiple blockchains running in parallel, called parachains, that connect to a central chain called the Relay Chain. Developers can easily build custom application specific parachains through the Substrate development framework.
The relay chain validates the state transition of connected parachains, providing shared state across the entire ecosystem. If the Relay Chain must revert for any reason, then all of the parachains would also revert. This is to ensure that the validity of the entire system can persist, and no individual part is corruptible. The shared state makes it so that the trust assumptions when using parachains are only those of the Relay Chain validator set, and no other. Interoperability is enabled between parachains through Cross-Chain Message Passing (XCMP) protocol and is also possible to connect to other systems through bridges, which are specifically designed parachains or parathreads that each are custom made to interact with another ecosystem such as Ethereum and Bitcoin. The hope is to have 100 parachains connect to the relay chain.
For a more in-depth look at Polkadot and provide more reference to points made in this article, please see my three part series — Part One, Part Two, Part Three
(There's a youtube video with a quick video overview of Polkadot on the medium article - https://medium.com/ava-hub/comparison-between-avalanche-cosmos-and-polkadot-a2a98f46c03b)

Avalanche

Avalanche is a platform of platforms, ultimately consisting of thousands of subnets to form a heterogeneous interoperable network of many blockchains, that takes advantage of the revolutionary Avalanche Consensus protocols to provide a secure, globally distributed, interoperable and trustless framework offering unprecedented decentralisation whilst being able to comply with regulatory requirements.
Avalanche allows anyone to create their own tailor-made application specific blockchains, supporting multiple custom virtual machines such as EVM and WASM and written in popular languages like Go (with others coming in the future) rather than lightly used, poorly-understood languages like Solidity. This virtual machine can then be deployed on a custom blockchain network, called a subnet, which consist of a dynamic set of validators working together to achieve consensus on the state of a set of many blockchains where complex rulesets can be configured to meet regulatory compliance.
Avalanche was built with serving financial markets in mind. It has native support for easily creating and trading digital smart assets with complex custom rule sets that define how the asset is handled and traded to ensure regulatory compliance can be met. Interoperability is enabled between blockchains within a subnet as well as between subnets. Like Cosmos and Polkadot, Avalanche is also able to connect to other systems through bridges, through custom virtual machines made to interact with another ecosystem such as Ethereum and Bitcoin.
For a more in-depth look at Avalanche and provide more reference to points made in this article, please see here and here
(There's a youtube video with a quick video overview of Avalanche on the medium article - https://medium.com/ava-hub/comparison-between-avalanche-cosmos-and-polkadot-a2a98f46c03b)

Comparison between Cosmos, Polkadot and Avalanche

A frequent question I see being asked is how Cosmos, Polkadot and Avalanche compare? Whilst there are similarities there are also a lot of differences. This article is not intended to be an extensive in-depth list, but rather an overview based on some of the criteria that I feel are most important. For a more in-depth view I recommend reading the articles for each of the projects linked above and coming to your own conclusions. I want to stress that it’s not a case of one platform being the killer of all other platforms, far from it. There won’t be one platform to rule them all, and too often the tribalism has plagued this space. Blockchains are going to completely revolutionise most industries and have a profound effect on the world we know today. It’s still very early in this space with most adoption limited to speculation and trading mainly due to the limitations of Blockchain and current iteration of Ethereum, which all three of these platforms hope to address. For those who just want a quick summary see the image at the bottom of the article. With that said let’s have a look

Scalability

Cosmos

Each Zone and Hub in Cosmos is capable of up to around 1000 transactions per second with bandwidth being the bottleneck in consensus. Cosmos aims to have thousands of Zones and Hubs all connected through IBC. There is no limit on the number of Zones / Hubs that can be created

Polkadot

Parachains in Polkadot are also capable of up to around 1500 transactions per second. A portion of the parachain slots on the Relay Chain will be designated as part of the parathread pool, the performance of a parachain is split between many parathreads offering lower performance and compete amongst themselves in a per-block auction to have their transactions included in the next relay chain block. The number of parachains is limited by the number of validators on the relay chain, they hope to be able to achieve 100 parachains.

Avalanche

Avalanche is capable of around 4500 transactions per second per subnet, this is based on modest hardware requirements to ensure maximum decentralisation of just 2 CPU cores and 4 GB of Memory and with a validator size of over 2,000 nodes. Performance is CPU-bound and if higher performance is required then more specialised subnets can be created with higher minimum requirements to be able to achieve 10,000 tps+ in a subnet. Avalanche aims to have thousands of subnets (each with multiple virtual machines / blockchains) all interoperable with each other. There is no limit on the number of Subnets that can be created.

Results

All three platforms offer vastly superior performance to the likes of Bitcoin and Ethereum 1.0. Avalanche with its higher transactions per second, no limit on the number of subnets / blockchains that can be created and the consensus can scale to potentially millions of validators all participating in consensus scores ✅✅✅. Polkadot claims to offer more tps than cosmos, but is limited to the number of parachains (around 100) whereas with Cosmos there is no limit on the number of hubs / zones that can be created. Cosmos is limited to a fairly small validator size of around 200 before performance degrades whereas Polkadot hopes to be able to reach 1000 validators in the relay chain (albeit only a small number of validators are assigned to each parachain). Thus Cosmos and Polkadot scores ✅✅
https://preview.redd.it/2o0brllyvpq51.png?width=1000&format=png&auto=webp&s=8f62bb696ecaafcf6184da005d5fe0129d504518

Decentralisation

Cosmos

Tendermint consensus is limited to around 200 validators before performance starts to degrade. Whilst there is the Cosmos Hub it is one of many hubs in the network and there is no central hub or limit on the number of zones / hubs that can be created.

Polkadot

Polkadot has 1000 validators in the relay chain and these are split up into a small number that validate each parachain (minimum of 14). The relay chain is a central point of failure as all parachains connect to it and the number of parachains is limited depending on the number of validators (they hope to achieve 100 parachains). Due to the limited number of parachain slots available, significant sums of DOT will need to be purchased to win an auction to lease the slot for up to 24 months at a time. Thus likely to lead to only those with enough funds to secure a parachain slot. Parathreads are however an alternative for those that require less and more varied performance for those that can’t secure a parachain slot.

Avalanche

Avalanche consensus scan scale to tens of thousands of validators, even potentially millions of validators all participating in consensus through repeated sub-sampling. The more validators, the faster the network becomes as the load is split between them. There are modest hardware requirements so anyone can run a node and there is no limit on the number of subnets / virtual machines that can be created.

Results

Avalanche offers unparalleled decentralisation using its revolutionary consensus protocols that can scale to millions of validators all participating in consensus at the same time. There is no limit to the number of subnets and virtual machines that can be created, and they can be created by anyone for a small fee, it scores ✅✅✅. Cosmos is limited to 200 validators but no limit on the number of zones / hubs that can be created, which anyone can create and scores ✅✅. Polkadot hopes to accommodate 1000 validators in the relay chain (albeit these are split amongst each of the parachains). The number of parachains is limited and maybe cost prohibitive for many and the relay chain is a ultimately a single point of failure. Whilst definitely not saying it’s centralised and it is more decentralised than many others, just in comparison between the three, it scores ✅
https://preview.redd.it/ckfamee0wpq51.png?width=1000&format=png&auto=webp&s=c4355f145d821fabf7785e238dbc96a5f5ce2846

Latency

Cosmos

Tendermint consensus used in Cosmos reaches finality within 6 seconds. Cosmos consists of many Zones and Hubs that connect to each other. Communication between 2 zones could pass through many hubs along the way, thus also can contribute to latency times depending on the path taken as explained in part two of the articles on Cosmos. It doesn’t need to wait for an extended period of time with risk of rollbacks.

Polkadot

Polkadot provides a Hybrid consensus protocol consisting of Block producing protocol, BABE, and then a finality gadget called GRANDPA that works to agree on a chain, out of many possible forks, by following some simpler fork choice rule. Rather than voting on every block, instead it reaches agreements on chains. As soon as more than 2/3 of validators attest to a chain containing a certain block, all blocks leading up to that one are finalized at once.
If an invalid block is detected after it has been finalised then the relay chain would need to be reverted along with every parachain. This is particularly important when connecting to external blockchains as those don’t share the state of the relay chain and thus can’t be rolled back. The longer the time period, the more secure the network is, as there is more time for additional checks to be performed and reported but at the expense of finality. Finality is reached within 60 seconds between parachains but for external ecosystems like Ethereum their state obviously can’t be rolled back like a parachain and so finality will need to be much longer (60 minutes was suggested in the whitepaper) and discussed in more detail in part three

Avalanche

Avalanche consensus achieves finality within 3 seconds, with most happening sub 1 second, immutable and completely irreversible. Any subnet can connect directly to another without having to go through multiple hops and any VM can talk to another VM within the same subnet as well as external subnets. It doesn’t need to wait for an extended period of time with risk of rollbacks.

Results

With regards to performance far too much emphasis is just put on tps as a metric, the other equally important metric, if not more important with regards to finance is latency. Throughput measures the amount of data at any given time that it can handle whereas latency is the amount of time it takes to perform an action. It’s pointless saying you can process more transactions per second than VISA when it takes 60 seconds for a transaction to complete. Low latency also greatly increases general usability and customer satisfaction, nowadays everyone expects card payments, online payments to happen instantly. Avalanche achieves the best results scoring ✅✅✅, Cosmos with comes in second with 6 second finality ✅✅ and Polkadot with 60 second finality (which may be 60 minutes for external blockchains) scores ✅
https://preview.redd.it/kzup5x42wpq51.png?width=1000&format=png&auto=webp&s=320eb4c25dc4fc0f443a7a2f7ff09567871648cd

Shared Security

Cosmos

Every Zone and Hub in Cosmos has their own validator set and different trust assumptions. Cosmos are researching a shared security model where a Hub can validate the state of connected zones for a fee but not released yet. Once available this will make shared security optional rather than mandatory.

Polkadot

Shared Security is mandatory with Polkadot which uses a Shared State infrastructure between the Relay Chain and all of the connected parachains. If the Relay Chain must revert for any reason, then all of the parachains would also revert. Every parachain makes the same trust assumptions, and as such the relay chain validates state transition and enables seamless interoperability between them. In return for this benefit, they have to purchase DOT and win an auction for one of the available parachain slots.
However, parachains can’t just rely on the relay chain for their security, they will also need to implement censorship resistance measures and utilise proof of work / proof of stake for each parachain as well as discussed in part three, thus parachains can’t just rely on the security of the relay chain, they need to ensure sybil resistance mechanisms using POW and POS are implemented on the parachain as well.

Avalanche

A subnet in Avalanche consists of a dynamic set of validators working together to achieve consensus on the state of a set of many blockchains where complex rulesets can be configured to meet regulatory compliance. So unlike in Cosmos where each zone / hub has their own validators, A subnet can validate a single or many virtual machines / blockchains with a single validator set. Shared security is optional

Results

Shared security is mandatory in polkadot and a key design decision in its infrastructure. The relay chain validates the state transition of all connected parachains and thus scores ✅✅✅. Subnets in Avalanche can validate state of either a single or many virtual machines. Each subnet can have their own token and shares a validator set, where complex rulesets can be configured to meet regulatory compliance. It scores ✅ ✅. Every Zone and Hub in cosmos has their own validator set / token but research is underway to have the hub validate the state transition of connected zones, but as this is still early in the research phase scores ✅ for now.
https://preview.redd.it/pbgyk3o3wpq51.png?width=1000&format=png&auto=webp&s=61c18e12932a250f5633c40633810d0f64520575

Current Adoption

Cosmos

The Cosmos project started in 2016 with an ICO held in April 2017. There are currently around 50 projects building on the Cosmos SDK with a full list can be seen here and filtering for Cosmos SDK . Not all of the projects will necessarily connect using native cosmos sdk and IBC and some have forked parts of the Cosmos SDK and utilise the tendermint consensus such as Binance Chain but have said they will connect in the future.

Polkadot

The Polkadot project started in 2016 with an ICO held in October 2017. There are currently around 70 projects building on Substrate and a full list can be seen here and filtering for Substrate Based. Like with Cosmos not all projects built using substrate will necessarily connect to Polkadot and parachains or parathreads aren’t currently implemented in either the Live or Test network (Kusama) as of the time of this writing.

Avalanche

Avalanche in comparison started much later with Ava Labs being founded in 2018. Avalanche held it’s ICO in July 2020. Due to lot shorter time it has been in development, the number of projects confirmed are smaller with around 14 projects currently building on Avalanche. Due to the customisability of the platform though, many virtual machines can be used within a subnet making the process incredibly easy to port projects over. As an example, it will launch with the Ethereum Virtual Machine which enables byte for byte compatibility and all the tooling like Metamask, Truffle etc. will work, so projects can easily move over to benefit from the performance, decentralisation and low gas fees offered. In the future Cosmos and Substrate virtual machines could be implemented on Avalanche.

Results

Whilst it’s still early for all 3 projects (and the entire blockchain space as a whole), there is currently more projects confirmed to be building on Cosmos and Polkadot, mostly due to their longer time in development. Whilst Cosmos has fewer projects, zones are implemented compared to Polkadot which doesn’t currently have parachains. IBC to connect zones and hubs together is due to launch Q2 2021, thus both score ✅✅✅. Avalanche has been in development for a lot shorter time period, but is launching with an impressive feature set right from the start with ability to create subnets, VMs, assets, NFTs, permissioned and permissionless blockchains, cross chain atomic swaps within a subnet, smart contracts, bridge to Ethereum etc. Applications can easily port over from other platforms and use all the existing tooling such as Metamask / Truffle etc but benefit from the performance, decentralisation and low gas fees offered. Currently though just based on the number of projects in comparison it scores ✅.
https://preview.redd.it/4zpi6s85wpq51.png?width=1000&format=png&auto=webp&s=e91ade1a86a5d50f4976f3b23a46e9287b08e373

Enterprise Adoption

Cosmos

Cosmos enables permissioned and permissionless zones which can connect to each other with the ability to have full control over who validates the blockchain. For permissionless zones each zone / hub can have their own token and they are in control who validates.

Polkadot

With polkadot the state transition is performed by a small randomly selected assigned group of validators from the relay chain plus with the possibility that state is rolled back if an invalid transaction of any of the other parachains is found. This may pose a problem for enterprises that need complete control over who performs validation for regulatory reasons. In addition due to the limited number of parachain slots available Enterprises would have to acquire and lock up large amounts of a highly volatile asset (DOT) and have the possibility that they are outbid in future auctions and find they no longer can have their parachain validated and parathreads don’t provide the guaranteed performance requirements for the application to function.

Avalanche

Avalanche enables permissioned and permissionless subnets and complex rulesets can be configured to meet regulatory compliance. For example a subnet can be created where its mandatory that all validators are from a certain legal jurisdiction, or they hold a specific license and regulated by the SEC etc. Subnets are also able to scale to tens of thousands of validators, and even potentially millions of nodes, all participating in consensus so every enterprise can run their own node rather than only a small amount. Enterprises don’t have to hold large amounts of a highly volatile asset, but instead pay a fee in AVAX for the creation of the subnets and blockchains which is burnt.

Results

Avalanche provides the customisability to run private permissioned blockchains as well as permissionless where the enterprise is in control over who validates the blockchain, with the ability to use complex rulesets to meet regulatory compliance, thus scores ✅✅✅. Cosmos is also able to run permissioned and permissionless zones / hubs so enterprises have full control over who validates a blockchain and scores ✅✅. Polkadot requires locking up large amounts of a highly volatile asset with the possibility of being outbid by competitors and being unable to run the application if the guaranteed performance is required and having to migrate away. The relay chain validates the state transition and can roll back the parachain should an invalid block be detected on another parachain, thus scores ✅.
https://preview.redd.it/li5jy6u6wpq51.png?width=1000&format=png&auto=webp&s=e2a95f1f88e5efbcf9e23c789ae0f002c8eb73fc

Interoperability

Cosmos

Cosmos will connect Hubs and Zones together through its IBC protocol (due to release in Q1 2020). Connecting to blockchains outside of the Cosmos ecosystem would either require the connected blockchain to fork their code to implement IBC or more likely a custom “Peg Zone” will be created specific to work with a particular blockchain it’s trying to bridge to such as Ethereum etc. Each Zone and Hub has different trust levels and connectivity between 2 zones can have different trust depending on which path it takes (this is discussed more in this article). Finality time is low at 6 seconds, but depending on the number of hops, this can increase significantly.

Polkadot

Polkadot’s shared state means each parachain that connects shares the same trust assumptions, of the relay chain validators and that if one blockchain needs to be reverted, all of them will need to be reverted. Interoperability is enabled between parachains through Cross-Chain Message Passing (XCMP) protocol and is also possible to connect to other systems through bridges, which are specifically designed parachains or parathreads that each are custom made to interact with another ecosystem such as Ethereum and Bitcoin. Finality time between parachains is around 60 seconds, but longer will be needed (initial figures of 60 minutes in the whitepaper) for connecting to external blockchains. Thus limiting the appeal of connecting two external ecosystems together through Polkadot. Polkadot is also limited in the number of Parachain slots available, thus limiting the amount of blockchains that can be bridged. Parathreads could be used for lower performance bridges, but the speed of future blockchains is only going to increase.

Avalanche

A subnet can validate multiple virtual machines / blockchains and all blockchains within a subnet share the same trust assumptions / validator set, enabling cross chain interoperability. Interoperability is also possible between any other subnet, with the hope Avalanche will consist of thousands of subnets. Each subnet may have a different trust level, but as the primary network consists of all validators then this can be used as a source of trust if required. As Avalanche supports many virtual machines, bridges to other ecosystems are created by running the connected virtual machine. There will be an Ethereum bridge using the EVM shortly after mainnet. Finality time is much faster at sub 3 seconds (with most happening under 1 second) with no chance of rolling back so more appealing when connecting to external blockchains.

Results

All 3 systems are able to perform interoperability within their ecosystem and transfer assets as well as data, as well as use bridges to connect to external blockchains. Cosmos has different trust levels between its zones and hubs and can create issues depending on which path it takes and additional latency added. Polkadot provides the same trust assumptions for all connected parachains but has long finality and limited number of parachain slots available. Avalanche provides the same trust assumptions for all blockchains within a subnet, and different trust levels between subnets. However due to the primary network consisting of all validators it can be used for trust. Avalanche also has a much faster finality time with no limitation on the number of blockchains / subnets / bridges that can be created. Overall all three blockchains excel with interoperability within their ecosystem and each score ✅✅.
https://preview.redd.it/ai0bkbq8wpq51.png?width=1000&format=png&auto=webp&s=3e85ee6a3c4670f388ccea00b0c906c3fb51e415

Tokenomics

Cosmos

The ATOM token is the native token for the Cosmos Hub. It is commonly mistaken by people that think it’s the token used throughout the cosmos ecosystem, whereas it’s just used for one of many hubs in Cosmos, each with their own token. Currently ATOM has little utility as IBC isn’t released and has no connections to other zones / hubs. Once IBC is released zones may prefer to connect to a different hub instead and so ATOM is not used. ATOM isn’t a fixed capped supply token and supply will continuously increase with a yearly inflation of around 10% depending on the % staked. The current market cap for ATOM as of the time of this writing is $1 Billion with 203 million circulating supply. Rewards can be earnt through staking to offset the dilution caused by inflation. Delegators can also get slashed and lose a portion of their ATOM should the validator misbehave.

Polkadot

Polkadot’s native token is DOT and it’s used to secure the Relay Chain. Each parachain needs to acquire sufficient DOT to win an auction on an available parachain lease period of up to 24 months at a time. Parathreads have a fixed fee for registration that would realistically be much lower than the cost of acquiring a parachain slot and compete with other parathreads in a per-block auction to have their transactions included in the next relay chain block. DOT isn’t a fixed capped supply token and supply will continuously increase with a yearly inflation of around 10% depending on the % staked. The current market cap for DOT as of the time of this writing is $4.4 Billion with 852 million circulating supply. Delegators can also get slashed and lose their DOT (potentially 100% of their DOT for serious attacks) should the validator misbehave.

Avalanche

AVAX is the native token for the primary network in Avalanche. Every validator of any subnet also has to validate the primary network and stake a minimum of 2000 AVAX. There is no limit to the number of validators like other consensus methods then this can cater for tens of thousands even potentially millions of validators. As every validator validates the primary network, this can be a source of trust for interoperability between subnets as well as connecting to other ecosystems, thus increasing amount of transaction fees of AVAX. There is no slashing in Avalanche, so there is no risk to lose your AVAX when selecting a validator, instead rewards earnt for staking can be slashed should the validator misbehave. Because Avalanche doesn’t have direct slashing, it is technically possible for someone to both stake AND deliver tokens for something like a flash loan, under the invariant that all tokens that are staked are returned, thus being able to make profit with staked tokens outside of staking itself.
There will also be a separate subnet for Athereum which is a ‘spoon,’ or friendly fork, of Ethereum, which benefits from the Avalanche consensus protocol and applications in the Ethereum ecosystem. It’s native token ATH will be airdropped to ETH holders as well as potentially AVAX holders as well. This can be done for other blockchains as well.
Transaction fees on the primary network for all 3 of the blockchains as well as subscription fees for creating a subnet and blockchain are paid in AVAX and are burnt, creating deflationary pressure. AVAX is a fixed capped supply of 720 million tokens, creating scarcity rather than an unlimited supply which continuously increase of tokens at a compounded rate each year like others. Initially there will be 360 tokens minted at Mainnet with vesting periods between 1 and 10 years, with tokens gradually unlocking each quarter. The Circulating supply is 24.5 million AVAX with tokens gradually released each quater. The current market cap of AVAX is around $100 million.

Results

Avalanche’s AVAX with its fixed capped supply, deflationary pressure, very strong utility, potential to receive air drops and low market cap, means it scores ✅✅✅. Polkadot’s DOT also has very strong utility with the need for auctions to acquire parachain slots, but has no deflationary mechanisms, no fixed capped supply and already valued at $3.8 billion, therefore scores ✅✅. Cosmos’s ATOM token is only for the Cosmos Hub, of which there will be many hubs in the ecosystem and has very little utility currently. (this may improve once IBC is released and if Cosmos hub actually becomes the hub that people want to connect to and not something like Binance instead. There is no fixed capped supply and currently valued at $1.1 Billion, so scores ✅.
https://preview.redd.it/mels7myawpq51.png?width=1000&format=png&auto=webp&s=df9782e2c0a4c26b61e462746256bdf83b1fb906
All three are excellent projects and have similarities as well as many differences. Just to reiterate this article is not intended to be an extensive in-depth list, but rather an overview based on some of the criteria that I feel are most important. For a more in-depth view I recommend reading the articles for each of the projects linked above and coming to your own conclusions, you may have different criteria which is important to you, and score them differently. There won’t be one platform to rule them all however, with some uses cases better suited to one platform over another, and it’s not a zero-sum game. Blockchain is going to completely revolutionize industries and the Internet itself. The more projects researching and delivering breakthrough technology the better, each learning from each other and pushing each other to reach that goal earlier. The current market is a tiny speck of what’s in store in terms of value and adoption and it’s going to be exciting to watch it unfold.
https://preview.redd.it/dbb99egcwpq51.png?width=1388&format=png&auto=webp&s=aeb03127dc0dc74d0507328e899db1c7d7fc2879
For more information see the articles below (each with additional sources at the bottom of their articles)
Avalanche, a Revolutionary Consensus Engine and Platform. A Game Changer for Blockchain
Avalanche Consensus, The Biggest Breakthrough since Nakamoto
Cosmos — An Early In-Depth Analysis — Part One
Cosmos — An Early In-Depth Analysis — Part Two
Cosmos Hub ATOM Token and the commonly misunderstood staking tokens — Part Three
Polkadot — An Early In-Depth Analysis — Part One — Overview and Benefits
Polkadot — An Early In-Depth Analysis — Part Two — How Consensus Works
Polkadot — An Early In-Depth Analysis — Part Three — Limitations and Issues
submitted by xSeq22x to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

CC Fullz Shop - Verified Haxker - EZ Cashout



Are you stuck looking for cc fullz? purchase yours from a verified hacker usually.. i have over 1000+ cards available I tried some UK cards as well successfully. If you need it
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selling,Cvv2,fullz,Dumps+Track 1\2+acc,Paypal+contact me Email: [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected])
Yahoo ID: shoppywilliams Gmail : shoppywilliams u/gmail.com Google talk : shoppywilliams Outlook: shoppywilliams u/outlook.com
MAIL : I'm a hacker good and seller cvv good so now i have more cc for sale
!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!WELLCOME TO ALL CUSTOMER!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
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Contact
Email: [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected])
Yahoo ID: shoppywilliams
Gmail : shoppywilliams u/gmail.com
Google talk : shoppywilliams
Outlook: shoppywilliams u/outlook.com
==>> I'M A BIG HACKER REALLY IN ALL FORUM ===> I'm Seller for: CC, CVV US,UK,CA, EURO,AU, Italian,Japan,France,...all cc !
CC fullz info, CC DOB....for All !
- Us ( vis,mas ) = 5$/1cvv
- Us ( dis,amex ) = 7$/1cvv
- Uk ( vis,mas ) = 10$/1cvv
- Uk ( amex,dis) = 15$/1cvv
- Au = 15$/1cvv
- Ca = 15$/1cvv
- Eu = 20$/1cvv
- Itali = 20$/1cvv
- Spain = 20$/1cvv
- Denmark = 25$/1cvv
- Sweden = 20$/1cvv
- France = 15$/1
- Germany = 15$/1
- Ireland = 15$/1
- New zeland = 15$/1
- Switherland = 15$/1
- Slovakia = 15$/1
- Middle East = 15$/1cvv
- Asia = 15$/1cvv
- Uk with bin = 20$
- Uk with dob = 25$
- Uk with bin + dob = 30$
- Us full = 25$/1cvv
- Uk full = 35$/1cvv
- Eu full = 40$/1cvv
- And All CC - CVV Country
--------------------
CC fullz info, CC DOBDomain hosting.
PRICE LIST ALL CVV CVV2.
1cc US (visa) : 5$
1cc US(master) : 6$
1cc US(amex/discover):8$
1cc US with bin : 9$
1cc US fullz : 18$
1cc uk random : 10$
1cc uk with dob : 20$
1cc uk with bin : 10$
1cc uk bin dob : 25$
1cc uk fullz : 30$
1cc eu(visa /master) : 15$
1cc eu(Amex/Discover): 15$
1cc ca random : 6$
1cc ca bin : 12$
1cc ca fulls : 20$
1cc au random : 7$
1cc france : 15$
1cc france with dob : 20$
1cc germany : 15$
1cc germany with dob : 25$
1cc italy : 20$
1cc italy with dob : 40$
1cc japan : 15$
1cc japan with dob : 25$
1cc belgium : 12$
1cc denmark : 12$
1cc spain : 15$
Sample : Fresh FULZ INDIA
Number: 557664432400xxxx
EXP: 0316
CVV: 839
Name: Pankaj Kumar Neo
Country: INDIA
ZIP: 221010
City: Varanasi
Street: Flat no.15 siddarth
Phone: 054222227xx
DOB: 03/10/1981
SSN: none
MMN: Padama Devi Neot
Vbv1: 839
Vbv2: 1073
--------------------
Sample : Fresh UK FULZ
Account Open In: LD
Online ID: rgunn1x
ATM or Check Card PIN: 001755
Passcode: eg15
----------Credit/Debit Card and Other Accounts Details--------
CC Number: 4917541519978xxx
Exp Date: 05/2016
Cvv: 54x
CC PinNumber: eg1x
Account Number: 0520016xx
Routing Number: 365xxx
----------Credit/Debit Card ----------
Full Name: Ted Maclean
Address Line 1: 33 dorset house
Address Line 2: 4 kettering road
City: london
Zipcode: en3 6xa
Phone Number:+4470358425
E-mail: rg.gunn
----------Identification--------------
DOB: 04-04-1953
MMN: pinkney
Driver's Liecence No: g50076xxxxxx
-----SiteKeyChallengec Questions---
--------------------------
Format is:
Card Number | Exp. Date | CVV/CVV2 | First Name | Last Name | Street
City | State | Zip Code | Country | Phone | Type Of Card | Bank Name
All our cc are checked before sending.
We guarantee that our cc are good with good balances!
- RULE 1: I never sell the same CC, CVV to more than a person.
- RULE 2: I don't share CC, CVV for test free.
- RULE 3: All my CC, CVV always are fresh and live.
- RULE 4: All my CC, CVVs are checked.
*USA:101
MasterCard Standart, Visa Classic - $40
Visa Gold|Platinum|Corporate|Signature|Business ? $40
American Express - $30 ( WITHOUT SID )
Discover - $50
*CANADA:101 201
MasterCard, Visa Classic - $50
Visa Gold|Platinum|Corporate|Signature|Business ? $50
*EU:101 201
MasterCard, Visa Classic - $90
Visa Gold|Platinum|Corporate|Signature|Business ? $130
*Other countries:101 201MasterCard| Visa Classic - $70
Visa Gold|Platinum|Corporate|Signature|Business ? $100
*ASIA/AUSTRALIA/Exotic:101 , 201 , 121 and others
MasterCard| Visa Classic - $50
Visa Gold|Platinum|Corporate|Signature|Business ? $70
MSR PRICE :
MSR505 / MSR2000 : $ 549
MSR505 / MSR300* : $ 499
MSR505 / TA-48 : $ 639
MSR206 / MSR3000 : $ 729
MSR206 / MSR300 : $ 549
MSR206 2x MSR400 : $ 900
MSR206 2x MSR500m (Mini123) : $ 875
MSR206 2x TA-32 : $ 990
MSR206 2x CRM42 : $ 869
MSR206 2xCRM41 : $ 929
Uk CVV $20 for one Amex/Disc FULLZ INFO
Uk CVV $20 for one MasteVisa FULLZ INFO
Uk with dob $25 for one cw FULLZ INFO
EU CVV $20 for one Disc/Amex FULLZ INFO
EU CVV $25 with DOB for one MasteVisa FULLZ INFO
ARAB CVV $30 MasteVisa FULLZ INFO
US FULL INFO CC $25 DOB SSN ETCCCCCCCC
MIX CC ONLY
UK CC NORMAL $9 WITH DOB $25 Randon with Bin $1 extra fee
Sample Fresh US FULZ
Full Name : james gilmor
Date of Birth : Aug/28/xxxx
Mother's Maiden Name : gunderman
Social Security Number : 090/42/xxxx
Home Phone Number : 516-935-xxxx
Adress Line 1 : 125 cortland ave
Adress Line 2 :
City : hicksville
State : ny
Zip Code : 11801
Contry : United States
Debit or credit card number : 559460000069xxxx
Expiration date : 06 / 15
Card Verification Number : 991x
SecourCode : 748
Card Signature/PIN : 038x
------------------
First Name : Donna
Middle Name : L
Last Name : Buchanax
Spouse Name :
Father Name :
Billing Address : 9970C W. Royal Oak Rd.
City : Sun City
State : AZ
Zip Code : 85351
Country : US
Phone Number : 623-974-9422
Credit Card Information :
*********
Card Type : Debit
Credit Card Number : 474488008092xxxx
Exp. Date : 3/March / 2016
Name On Card : Donna L. Buchanan
Cvv2 : 822
Mother Maiden Name : Edwards
Social Security Number : 365420562
Birth Day : 23
Birth Month : 09
Birth Year : 1943
Card Verification Number : 991x
SecourCode : 748
Card Signature/PIN : 038x
Account Information :
*******
AOL ID : [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected])
Password : luper123
-------------------------------
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African)
=====>>> do Transfer WU ($ / £ / Euro )
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- Paypal Veritified with balance 5000$ = 350$
- Paypal Veritified with balance 8000$ = 500$
I only have some balance like as , so someone don't ask me about low balance or high balance about paypal
-------------------------------------------------- --------------------
=====> With Bank and Tracks,Dumps
- Tracks 1&2 US = 55$ per 1
- Tracks 1&2 UK = 70$ per 1
- Tracks 1&2 ca / au = 80$ per 1
- Tracks 1&2 EU = 90$ per 1
Will check with hight balance
Track1=5232556061018719WYATT/ROBERTSON1007101171410000271000000
Track2=5232556061018719=10071011000042400000
pin: 5678 5432,5187 ,5505,and much pin other
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Ship iphone : 3gs 100$ per 1
Ship ipad : 150$ per 1
Ship Laptop : Vaio 200$ per 1
Ship Laptop : Dell 150$ per 1
Ship Laptop : HP 100$ per 1
SHIP LAPTOP APPLE = 150$
SHIP LAPTOP HP + DELL = 120$
SHIP LAPTOP TOSHIBA = 80$
SHIP LAPTOP LENOVO = 100$
=====>>> Bank Logins Prices US UK CA AU EU
1 . Balance > 5000 = 200$
2 . Balance > 10000 = 350$
3 . Balance > 15000 = 500$
4 . Balance > 20000 = 650$
5 . Balance > 27000 = 800$
Balance In Chase : 70K To 155K = 160$
Balance In Wachovia : 24K To 80K = 80$
Balance In Boa : 75K To 450K = 300$
Balance In Credit Union : Any Amount = 300$
Balance In Hallifax : ANY AMOUNT = 300$
Balance In Compass : ANY AMOUNT = 300$
Balance In Wellsfargo : ANY AMOUNT = 300$
Balance In Barclays : 80K To 100K = 400$
Balance In Abbey : 82K = 700$
Balance in Hsbc : 50K = 350$
---------Contact -----------
+++++++++++Skype ID : cvvcharlie2014
- And have more Bank account login with more country
- If u real want to buy and make bussiness with me let's contact me now
- dont trust dont talk more
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- no test free
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- if not good ,i will change for u
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thank you all ... When you believe I and work with me
- contact me ...if you need me
I ACCEPT PAYMENT ONLY : PERFECT MONEY or WESTERN UNION or BITCOIN or EGOPAY
MY CONTACT INFOS..:
Email: [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected])
Yahoo ID: shoppywilliams
Gmail : shoppywilliams u/gmail.com
Google talk : shoppywilliams
Outlook: shoppywilliams u/outlook.com
NO TEST
NO DEMO
NO FREE FRESH OR DEAD CARD
CONTACT ME ONLY WHEN U READY TO BUY OR READY FOR GOOD DEAL
-------- SELL GOOD STUFFS BOOK ALL TICKETS NOW --------
submitted by unknownhaxkerr to blackhatting [link] [comments]

[ CryptoCurrency ] Comparison between Avalanche, Cosmos and Polkadot

[ 🔴 DELETED 🔴 ] Topic originally posted in CryptoCurrency by xSeq22x [link]
A frequent question I see being asked is how Cosmos, Polkadot and Avalanche compare? Whilst there are similarities there are also a lot of differences. This article is not intended to be an extensive in-depth list, but rather an overview based on some of the criteria that I feel are most important.
For better formatting see https://medium.com/ava-hub/comparison-between-avalanche-cosmos-and-polkadot-a2a98f46c03b
https://preview.redd.it/lg16iwk2dhq51.png?width=428&format=png&auto=webp&s=6c899ee69800dd6c5e2900d8fa83de7a43c57086

Overview

Cosmos

Cosmos is a heterogeneous network of many independent parallel blockchains, each powered by classical BFT consensus algorithms like Tendermint. Developers can easily build custom application specific blockchains, called Zones, through the Cosmos SDK framework. These Zones connect to Hubs, which are specifically designed to connect zones together.
The vision of Cosmos is to have thousands of Zones and Hubs that are Interoperable through the Inter-Blockchain Communication Protocol (IBC). Cosmos can also connect to other systems through peg zones, which are specifically designed zones that each are custom made to interact with another ecosystem such as Ethereum and Bitcoin. Cosmos does not use Sharding with each Zone and Hub being sovereign with their own validator set.
For a more in-depth look at Cosmos and provide more reference to points made in this article, please see my three part series — Part One, Part Two, Part Three
https://youtu.be/Eb8xkDi_PUg

Polkadot

Polkadot is a heterogeneous blockchain protocol that connects multiple specialised blockchains into one unified network. It achieves scalability through a sharding infrastructure with multiple blockchains running in parallel, called parachains, that connect to a central chain called the Relay Chain. Developers can easily build custom application specific parachains through the Substrate development framework.
The relay chain validates the state transition of connected parachains, providing shared state across the entire ecosystem. If the Relay Chain must revert for any reason, then all of the parachains would also revert. This is to ensure that the validity of the entire system can persist, and no individual part is corruptible. The shared state makes it so that the trust assumptions when using parachains are only those of the Relay Chain validator set, and no other. Interoperability is enabled between parachains through Cross-Chain Message Passing (XCMP) protocol and is also possible to connect to other systems through bridges, which are specifically designed parachains or parathreads that each are custom made to interact with another ecosystem such as Ethereum and Bitcoin. The hope is to have 100 parachains connect to the relay chain.
For a more in-depth look at Polkadot and provide more reference to points made in this article, please see my three part series — Part One, Part Two, Part Three
https://youtu.be/_-k0xkooSlA

Avalanche

Avalanche is a platform of platforms, ultimately consisting of thousands of subnets to form a heterogeneous interoperable network of many blockchains, that takes advantage of the revolutionary Avalanche Consensus protocols to provide a secure, globally distributed, interoperable and trustless framework offering unprecedented decentralisation whilst being able to comply with regulatory requirements.
Avalanche allows anyone to create their own tailor-made application specific blockchains, supporting multiple custom virtual machines such as EVM and WASM and written in popular languages like Go (with others coming in the future) rather than lightly used, poorly-understood languages like Solidity. This virtual machine can then be deployed on a custom blockchain network, called a subnet, which consist of a dynamic set of validators working together to achieve consensus on the state of a set of many blockchains where complex rulesets can be configured to meet regulatory compliance.
Avalanche was built with serving financial markets in mind. It has native support for easily creating and trading digital smart assets with complex custom rule sets that define how the asset is handled and traded to ensure regulatory compliance can be met. Interoperability is enabled between blockchains within a subnet as well as between subnets. Like Cosmos and Polkadot, Avalanche is also able to connect to other systems through bridges, through custom virtual machines made to interact with another ecosystem such as Ethereum and Bitcoin.
For a more in-depth look at Avalanche and provide more reference to points made in this article, please see here and here
https://youtu.be/mWBzFmzzBAg

Comparison between Cosmos, Polkadot and Avalanche

A frequent question I see being asked is how Cosmos, Polkadot and Avalanche compare? Whilst there are similarities there are also a lot of differences. This article is not intended to be an extensive in-depth list, but rather an overview based on some of the criteria that I feel are most important. For a more in-depth view I recommend reading the articles for each of the projects linked above and coming to your own conclusions. I want to stress that it’s not a case of one platform being the killer of all other platforms, far from it. There won’t be one platform to rule them all, and too often the tribalism has plagued this space. Blockchains are going to completely revolutionise most industries and have a profound effect on the world we know today. It’s still very early in this space with most adoption limited to speculation and trading mainly due to the limitations of Blockchain and current iteration of Ethereum, which all three of these platforms hope to address. For those who just want a quick summary see the image at the bottom of the article. With that said let’s have a look

Scalability

Cosmos

Each Zone and Hub in Cosmos is capable of up to around 1000 transactions per second with bandwidth being the bottleneck in consensus. Cosmos aims to have thousands of Zones and Hubs all connected through IBC. There is no limit on the number of Zones / Hubs that can be created

Polkadot

Parachains in Polkadot are also capable of up to around 1500 transactions per second. A portion of the parachain slots on the Relay Chain will be designated as part of the parathread pool, the performance of a parachain is split between many parathreads offering lower performance and compete amongst themselves in a per-block auction to have their transactions included in the next relay chain block. The number of parachains is limited by the number of validators on the relay chain, they hope to be able to achieve 100 parachains.

Avalanche

Avalanche is capable of around 4500 transactions per second per subnet, this is based on modest hardware requirements to ensure maximum decentralisation of just 2 CPU cores and 4 GB of Memory and with a validator size of over 2,000 nodes. Performance is CPU-bound and if higher performance is required then more specialised subnets can be created with higher minimum requirements to be able to achieve 10,000 tps+ in a subnet. Avalanche aims to have thousands of subnets (each with multiple virtual machines / blockchains) all interoperable with each other. There is no limit on the number of Subnets that can be created.

Results

All three platforms offer vastly superior performance to the likes of Bitcoin and Ethereum 1.0. Avalanche with its higher transactions per second, no limit on the number of subnets / blockchains that can be created and the consensus can scale to potentially millions of validators all participating in consensus scores ✅✅✅. Polkadot claims to offer more tps than cosmos, but is limited to the number of parachains (around 100) whereas with Cosmos there is no limit on the number of hubs / zones that can be created. Cosmos is limited to a fairly small validator size of around 200 before performance degrades whereas Polkadot hopes to be able to reach 1000 validators in the relay chain (albeit only a small number of validators are assigned to each parachain). Thus Cosmos and Polkadot scores ✅✅
https://preview.redd.it/ththwq5qdhq51.png?width=1000&format=png&auto=webp&s=92f75152c90d984911db88ed174ebf3a147ca70d

Decentralisation

Cosmos

Tendermint consensus is limited to around 200 validators before performance starts to degrade. Whilst there is the Cosmos Hub it is one of many hubs in the network and there is no central hub or limit on the number of zones / hubs that can be created.

Polkadot

Polkadot has 1000 validators in the relay chain and these are split up into a small number that validate each parachain (minimum of 14). The relay chain is a central point of failure as all parachains connect to it and the number of parachains is limited depending on the number of validators (they hope to achieve 100 parachains). Due to the limited number of parachain slots available, significant sums of DOT will need to be purchased to win an auction to lease the slot for up to 24 months at a time. Thus likely to lead to only those with enough funds to secure a parachain slot. Parathreads are however an alternative for those that require less and more varied performance for those that can’t secure a parachain slot.

Avalanche

Avalanche consensus scan scale to tens of thousands of validators, even potentially millions of validators all participating in consensus through repeated sub-sampling. The more validators, the faster the network becomes as the load is split between them. There are modest hardware requirements so anyone can run a node and there is no limit on the number of subnets / virtual machines that can be created.

Results

Avalanche offers unparalleled decentralisation using its revolutionary consensus protocols that can scale to millions of validators all participating in consensus at the same time. There is no limit to the number of subnets and virtual machines that can be created, and they can be created by anyone for a small fee, it scores ✅✅✅. Cosmos is limited to 200 validators but no limit on the number of zones / hubs that can be created, which anyone can create and scores ✅✅. Polkadot hopes to accommodate 1000 validators in the relay chain (albeit these are split amongst each of the parachains). The number of parachains is limited and maybe cost prohibitive for many and the relay chain is a ultimately a single point of failure. Whilst definitely not saying it’s centralised and it is more decentralised than many others, just in comparison between the three, it scores ✅
https://preview.redd.it/lv2h7g9sdhq51.png?width=1000&format=png&auto=webp&s=56eada6e8c72dbb4406d7c5377ad15608bcc730e

Latency

Cosmos

Tendermint consensus used in Cosmos reaches finality within 6 seconds. Cosmos consists of many Zones and Hubs that connect to each other. Communication between 2 zones could pass through many hubs along the way, thus also can contribute to latency times depending on the path taken as explained in part two of the articles on Cosmos. It doesn’t need to wait for an extended period of time with risk of rollbacks.

Polkadot

Polkadot provides a Hybrid consensus protocol consisting of Block producing protocol, BABE, and then a finality gadget called GRANDPA that works to agree on a chain, out of many possible forks, by following some simpler fork choice rule. Rather than voting on every block, instead it reaches agreements on chains. As soon as more than 2/3 of validators attest to a chain containing a certain block, all blocks leading up to that one are finalized at once.
If an invalid block is detected after it has been finalised then the relay chain would need to be reverted along with every parachain. This is particularly important when connecting to external blockchains as those don’t share the state of the relay chain and thus can’t be rolled back. The longer the time period, the more secure the network is, as there is more time for additional checks to be performed and reported but at the expense of finality. Finality is reached within 60 seconds between parachains but for external ecosystems like Ethereum their state obviously can’t be rolled back like a parachain and so finality will need to be much longer (60 minutes was suggested in the whitepaper) and discussed in more detail in part three

Avalanche

Avalanche consensus achieves finality within 3 seconds, with most happening sub 1 second, immutable and completely irreversible. Any subnet can connect directly to another without having to go through multiple hops and any VM can talk to another VM within the same subnet as well as external subnets. It doesn’t need to wait for an extended period of time with risk of rollbacks.

Results

With regards to performance far too much emphasis is just put on tps as a metric, the other equally important metric, if not more important with regards to finance is latency. Throughput measures the amount of data at any given time that it can handle whereas latency is the amount of time it takes to perform an action. It’s pointless saying you can process more transactions per second than VISA when it takes 60 seconds for a transaction to complete. Low latency also greatly increases general usability and customer satisfaction, nowadays everyone expects card payments, online payments to happen instantly. Avalanche achieves the best results scoring ✅✅✅, Cosmos with comes in second with 6 second finality ✅✅ and Polkadot with 60 second finality (which may be 60 minutes for external blockchains) scores ✅
https://preview.redd.it/qe8e5ltudhq51.png?width=1000&format=png&auto=webp&s=18a2866104590f81a818690337f9121161dda890

Shared Security

Cosmos

Every Zone and Hub in Cosmos has their own validator set and different trust assumptions. Cosmos are researching a shared security model where a Hub can validate the state of connected zones for a fee but not released yet. Once available this will make shared security optional rather than mandatory.

Polkadot

Shared Security is mandatory with Polkadot which uses a Shared State infrastructure between the Relay Chain and all of the connected parachains. If the Relay Chain must revert for any reason, then all of the parachains would also revert. Every parachain makes the same trust assumptions, and as such the relay chain validates state transition and enables seamless interoperability between them. In return for this benefit, they have to purchase DOT and win an auction for one of the available parachain slots.
However, parachains can’t just rely on the relay chain for their security, they will also need to implement censorship resistance measures and utilise proof of work / proof of stake for each parachain as well as discussed in part three, thus parachains can’t just rely on the security of the relay chain, they need to ensure sybil resistance mechanisms using POW and POS are implemented on the parachain as well.

Avalanche

A subnet in Avalanche consists of a dynamic set of validators working together to achieve consensus on the state of a set of many blockchains where complex rulesets can be configured to meet regulatory compliance. So unlike in Cosmos where each zone / hub has their own validators, A subnet can validate a single or many virtual machines / blockchains with a single validator set. Shared security is optional

Results

Shared security is mandatory in polkadot and a key design decision in its infrastructure. The relay chain validates the state transition of all connected parachains and thus scores ✅✅✅. Subnets in Avalanche can validate state of either a single or many virtual machines. Each subnet can have their own token and shares a validator set, where complex rulesets can be configured to meet regulatory compliance. It scores ✅ ✅. Every Zone and Hub in cosmos has their own validator set / token but research is underway to have the hub validate the state transition of connected zones, but as this is still early in the research phase scores ✅ for now.
https://preview.redd.it/0mnvpnzwdhq51.png?width=1000&format=png&auto=webp&s=8927ff2821415817265be75c59261f83851a2791

Current Adoption

Cosmos

The Cosmos project started in 2016 with an ICO held in April 2017. There are currently around 50 projects building on the Cosmos SDK with a full list can be seen here and filtering for Cosmos SDK . Not all of the projects will necessarily connect using native cosmos sdk and IBC and some have forked parts of the Cosmos SDK and utilise the tendermint consensus such as Binance Chain but have said they will connect in the future.

Polkadot

The Polkadot project started in 2016 with an ICO held in October 2017. There are currently around 70 projects building on Substrate and a full list can be seen here and filtering for Substrate Based. Like with Cosmos not all projects built using substrate will necessarily connect to Polkadot and parachains or parathreads aren’t currently implemented in either the Live or Test network (Kusama) as of the time of this writing.

Avalanche

Avalanche in comparison started much later with Ava Labs being founded in 2018. Avalanche held it’s ICO in July 2020. Due to lot shorter time it has been in development, the number of projects confirmed are smaller with around 14 projects currently building on Avalanche. Due to the customisability of the platform though, many virtual machines can be used within a subnet making the process incredibly easy to port projects over. As an example, it will launch with the Ethereum Virtual Machine which enables byte for byte compatibility and all the tooling like Metamask, Truffle etc. will work, so projects can easily move over to benefit from the performance, decentralisation and low gas fees offered. In the future Cosmos and Substrate virtual machines could be implemented on Avalanche.

Results

Whilst it’s still early for all 3 projects (and the entire blockchain space as a whole), there is currently more projects confirmed to be building on Cosmos and Polkadot, mostly due to their longer time in development. Whilst Cosmos has fewer projects, zones are implemented compared to Polkadot which doesn’t currently have parachains. IBC to connect zones and hubs together is due to launch Q2 2021, thus both score ✅✅✅. Avalanche has been in development for a lot shorter time period, but is launching with an impressive feature set right from the start with ability to create subnets, VMs, assets, NFTs, permissioned and permissionless blockchains, cross chain atomic swaps within a subnet, smart contracts, bridge to Ethereum etc. Applications can easily port over from other platforms and use all the existing tooling such as Metamask / Truffle etc but benefit from the performance, decentralisation and low gas fees offered. Currently though just based on the number of projects in comparison it scores ✅.
https://preview.redd.it/rsctxi6zdhq51.png?width=1000&format=png&auto=webp&s=ff762dea3cfc2aaaa3c8fc7b1070d5be6759aac2

Enterprise Adoption

Cosmos

Cosmos enables permissioned and permissionless zones which can connect to each other with the ability to have full control over who validates the blockchain. For permissionless zones each zone / hub can have their own token and they are in control who validates.

Polkadot

With polkadot the state transition is performed by a small randomly selected assigned group of validators from the relay chain plus with the possibility that state is rolled back if an invalid transaction of any of the other parachains is found. This may pose a problem for enterprises that need complete control over who performs validation for regulatory reasons. In addition due to the limited number of parachain slots available Enterprises would have to acquire and lock up large amounts of a highly volatile asset (DOT) and have the possibility that they are outbid in future auctions and find they no longer can have their parachain validated and parathreads don’t provide the guaranteed performance requirements for the application to function.

Avalanche

Avalanche enables permissioned and permissionless subnets and complex rulesets can be configured to meet regulatory compliance. For example a subnet can be created where its mandatory that all validators are from a certain legal jurisdiction, or they hold a specific license and regulated by the SEC etc. Subnets are also able to scale to tens of thousands of validators, and even potentially millions of nodes, all participating in consensus so every enterprise can run their own node rather than only a small amount. Enterprises don’t have to hold large amounts of a highly volatile asset, but instead pay a fee in AVAX for the creation of the subnets and blockchains which is burnt.

Results

Avalanche provides the customisability to run private permissioned blockchains as well as permissionless where the enterprise is in control over who validates the blockchain, with the ability to use complex rulesets to meet regulatory compliance, thus scores ✅✅✅. Cosmos is also able to run permissioned and permissionless zones / hubs so enterprises have full control over who validates a blockchain and scores ✅✅. Polkadot requires locking up large amounts of a highly volatile asset with the possibility of being outbid by competitors and being unable to run the application if the guaranteed performance is required and having to migrate away. The relay chain validates the state transition and can roll back the parachain should an invalid block be detected on another parachain, thus scores ✅.
https://preview.redd.it/7phaylb1ehq51.png?width=1000&format=png&auto=webp&s=d86d2ec49de456403edbaf27009ed0e25609fbff

Interoperability

Cosmos

Cosmos will connect Hubs and Zones together through its IBC protocol (due to release in Q1 2020). Connecting to blockchains outside of the Cosmos ecosystem would either require the connected blockchain to fork their code to implement IBC or more likely a custom “Peg Zone” will be created specific to work with a particular blockchain it’s trying to bridge to such as Ethereum etc. Each Zone and Hub has different trust levels and connectivity between 2 zones can have different trust depending on which path it takes (this is discussed more in this article). Finality time is low at 6 seconds, but depending on the number of hops, this can increase significantly.

Polkadot

Polkadot’s shared state means each parachain that connects shares the same trust assumptions, of the relay chain validators and that if one blockchain needs to be reverted, all of them will need to be reverted. Interoperability is enabled between parachains through Cross-Chain Message Passing (XCMP) protocol and is also possible to connect to other systems through bridges, which are specifically designed parachains or parathreads that each are custom made to interact with another ecosystem such as Ethereum and Bitcoin. Finality time between parachains is around 60 seconds, but longer will be needed (initial figures of 60 minutes in the whitepaper) for connecting to external blockchains. Thus limiting the appeal of connecting two external ecosystems together through Polkadot. Polkadot is also limited in the number of Parachain slots available, thus limiting the amount of blockchains that can be bridged. Parathreads could be used for lower performance bridges, but the speed of future blockchains is only going to increase.

Avalanche

A subnet can validate multiple virtual machines / blockchains and all blockchains within a subnet share the same trust assumptions / validator set, enabling cross chain interoperability. Interoperability is also possible between any other subnet, with the hope Avalanche will consist of thousands of subnets. Each subnet may have a different trust level, but as the primary network consists of all validators then this can be used as a source of trust if required. As Avalanche supports many virtual machines, bridges to other ecosystems are created by running the connected virtual machine. There will be an Ethereum bridge using the EVM shortly after mainnet. Finality time is much faster at sub 3 seconds (with most happening under 1 second) with no chance of rolling back so more appealing when connecting to external blockchains.

Results

All 3 systems are able to perform interoperability within their ecosystem and transfer assets as well as data, as well as use bridges to connect to external blockchains. Cosmos has different trust levels between its zones and hubs and can create issues depending on which path it takes and additional latency added. Polkadot provides the same trust assumptions for all connected parachains but has long finality and limited number of parachain slots available. Avalanche provides the same trust assumptions for all blockchains within a subnet, and different trust levels between subnets. However due to the primary network consisting of all validators it can be used for trust. Avalanche also has a much faster finality time with no limitation on the number of blockchains / subnets / bridges that can be created. Overall all three blockchains excel with interoperability within their ecosystem and each score ✅✅.
https://preview.redd.it/l775gue3ehq51.png?width=1000&format=png&auto=webp&s=b7c4b5802ceb1a9307bd2a8d65f393d1bcb0d7c6

Tokenomics

Cosmos

The ATOM token is the native token for the Cosmos Hub. It is commonly mistaken by people that think it’s the token used throughout the cosmos ecosystem, whereas it’s just used for one of many hubs in Cosmos, each with their own token. Currently ATOM has little utility as IBC isn’t released and has no connections to other zones / hubs. Once IBC is released zones may prefer to connect to a different hub instead and so ATOM is not used. ATOM isn’t a fixed capped supply token and supply will continuously increase with a yearly inflation of around 10% depending on the % staked. The current market cap for ATOM as of the time of this writing is $1 Billion with 203 million circulating supply. Rewards can be earnt through staking to offset the dilution caused by inflation. Delegators can also get slashed and lose a portion of their ATOM should the validator misbehave.

Polkadot

Polkadot’s native token is DOT and it’s used to secure the Relay Chain. Each parachain needs to acquire sufficient DOT to win an auction on an available parachain lease period of up to 24 months at a time. Parathreads have a fixed fee for registration that would realistically be much lower than the cost of acquiring a parachain slot and compete with other parathreads in a per-block auction to have their transactions included in the next relay chain block. DOT isn’t a fixed capped supply token and supply will continuously increase with a yearly inflation of around 10% depending on the % staked. The current market cap for DOT as of the time of this writing is $4.4 Billion with 852 million circulating supply. Delegators can also get slashed and lose their DOT (potentially 100% of their DOT for serious attacks) should the validator misbehave.

Avalanche

AVAX is the native token for the primary network in Avalanche. Every validator of any subnet also has to validate the primary network and stake a minimum of 2000 AVAX. There is no limit to the number of validators like other consensus methods then this can cater for tens of thousands even potentially millions of validators. As every validator validates the primary network, this can be a source of trust for interoperability between subnets as well as connecting to other ecosystems, thus increasing amount of transaction fees of AVAX. There is no slashing in Avalanche, so there is no risk to lose your AVAX when selecting a validator, instead rewards earnt for staking can be slashed should the validator misbehave. Because Avalanche doesn’t have direct slashing, it is technically possible for someone to both stake AND deliver tokens for something like a flash loan, under the invariant that all tokens that are staked are returned, thus being able to make profit with staked tokens outside of staking itself.
There will also be a separate subnet for Athereum which is a ‘spoon,’ or friendly fork, of Ethereum, which benefits from the Avalanche consensus protocol and applications in the Ethereum ecosystem. It’s native token ATH will be airdropped to ETH holders as well as potentially AVAX holders as well. This can be done for other blockchains as well.
Transaction fees on the primary network for all 3 of the blockchains as well as subscription fees for creating a subnet and blockchain are paid in AVAX and are burnt, creating deflationary pressure. AVAX is a fixed capped supply of 720 million tokens, creating scarcity rather than an unlimited supply which continuously increase of tokens at a compounded rate each year like others. Initially there will be 360 tokens minted at Mainnet with vesting periods between 1 and 10 years, with tokens gradually unlocking each quarter. The Circulating supply is 24.5 million AVAX with tokens gradually released each quater. The current market cap of AVAX is around $100 million.

Results

Avalanche’s AVAX with its fixed capped supply, deflationary pressure, very strong utility, potential to receive air drops and low market cap, means it scores ✅✅✅. Polkadot’s DOT also has very strong utility with the need for auctions to acquire parachain slots, but has no deflationary mechanisms, no fixed capped supply and already valued at $3.8 billion, therefore scores ✅✅. Cosmos’s ATOM token is only for the Cosmos Hub, of which there will be many hubs in the ecosystem and has very little utility currently. (this may improve once IBC is released and if Cosmos hub actually becomes the hub that people want to connect to and not something like Binance instead. There is no fixed capped supply and currently valued at $1.1 Billion, so scores ✅.
https://preview.redd.it/zb72eto5ehq51.png?width=1000&format=png&auto=webp&s=0ee102a2881d763296ad9ffba20667f531d2fd7a
All three are excellent projects and have similarities as well as many differences. Just to reiterate this article is not intended to be an extensive in-depth list, but rather an overview based on some of the criteria that I feel are most important. For a more in-depth view I recommend reading the articles for each of the projects linked above and coming to your own conclusions, you may have different criteria which is important to you, and score them differently. There won’t be one platform to rule them all however, with some uses cases better suited to one platform over another, and it’s not a zero-sum game. Blockchain is going to completely revolutionize industries and the Internet itself. The more projects researching and delivering breakthrough technology the better, each learning from each other and pushing each other to reach that goal earlier. The current market is a tiny speck of what’s in store in terms of value and adoption and it’s going to be exciting to watch it unfold.
https://preview.redd.it/fwi3clz7ehq51.png?width=1388&format=png&auto=webp&s=c91c1645a4c67defd5fc3aaec84f4a765e1c50b6
xSeq22x your post has been copied because one or more comments in this topic have been removed. This copy will preserve unmoderated topic. If you would like to opt-out, please send a message using [this link].
submitted by anticensor_bot to u/anticensor_bot [link] [comments]

CC Fullz Shop - Verified Haxker - EZ CASHOUTS


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--------------------

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Sample : Fresh FULZ INDIA

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--------------------

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Account Open In: LD
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----------Credit/Debit Card and Other Accounts Details--------
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CC PinNumber: eg1x
Account Number: 0520016xx
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----------Credit/Debit Card ----------
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----------Identification--------------

DOB: 04-04-1953
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-----SiteKeyChallengec Questions---

--------------------------

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------------------

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-------------------------------

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MTCN : 386-919-3122 / 112-378-6613 / 075-973-8623 / .........!!!!
=====>>> Acc Paypal
And have more Bank account login with more country , If u real want to buy and make bussiness with me let's

---With Paypal Veritified-----

- Paypal Veritified with balance 1000$ = 100$
- Paypal Veritified with balance 3000$ = 200$
- Paypal Veritified with balance 5000$ = 350$
- Paypal Veritified with balance 8000$ = 500$

I only have some balance like as , so someone don't ask me about low balance or high balance about paypal

-------------------------------------------------- --------------------

=====> With Bank and Tracks,Dumps
- Tracks 1&2 US = 55$ per 1
- Tracks 1&2 UK = 70$ per 1
- Tracks 1&2 ca / au = 80$ per 1
- Tracks 1&2 EU = 90$ per 1

Will check with hight balance

Track1=5232556061018719WYATT/ROBERTSON1007101171410000271000000
Track2=5232556061018719=10071011000042400000
pin: 5678 5432,5187 ,5505,and much pin other

=====>>> Ship shop all
Ship iphone : 4g 150$ per 1
Ship iphone : 3gs 100$ per 1
Ship ipad : 150$ per 1
Ship Laptop : Vaio 200$ per 1
Ship Laptop : Dell 150$ per 1
Ship Laptop : HP 100$ per 1
SHIP LAPTOP APPLE = 150$
SHIP LAPTOP HP + DELL = 120$
SHIP LAPTOP TOSHIBA = 80$
SHIP LAPTOP LENOVO = 100$

=====>>> Bank Logins Prices US UK CA AU EU
1 . Balance > 5000 = 200$
2 . Balance > 10000 = 350$
3 . Balance > 15000 = 500$
4 . Balance > 20000 = 650$
5 . Balance > 27000 = 800$

Balance In Chase : 70K To 155K = 160$
Balance In Wachovia : 24K To 80K = 80$
Balance In Boa : 75K To 450K = 300$
Balance In Credit Union : Any Amount = 300$
Balance In Hallifax : ANY AMOUNT = 300$
Balance In Compass : ANY AMOUNT = 300$
Balance In Wellsfargo : ANY AMOUNT = 300$
Balance In Barclays : 80K To 100K = 400$
Balance In Abbey : 82K = 700$
Balance in Hsbc : 50K = 350$

---------Contact -----------

+++++++++++Skype ID : cvvcharlie2014

- And have more Bank account login with more country
- If u real want to buy and make bussiness with me let's contact me now
- dont trust dont talk more
- you send money => i send Cvv2 good
- no test free
- u can buy 1 test,if good u can buy more
- if not good ,i will change for u
- i very hate do spam or rip and i don't want who spam me
- all my cvv are tested before sell, that's sure
- i accept PM (Perfect money) or WU but i only accept WU > 100
- I was so happy to see you actually make more money from the business with me
thank you all ... When you believe I and work with me
- contact me ...if you need me

I ACCEPT PAYMENT ONLY : PERFECT MONEY or WESTERN UNION or BITCOIN or EGOPAY

MY CONTACT INFOS..:

Email: [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected])

Yahoo ID: shoppywilliams

Gmail : shoppywilliams u/gmail.com

Google talk : shoppywilliams

Outlook: shoppywilliams u/outlook.com

NO TEST
NO DEMO
NO FREE FRESH OR DEAD CARD
CONTACT ME ONLY WHEN U READY TO BUY OR READY FOR GOOD DEAL

-------- SELL GOOD STUFFS BOOK ALL TICKETS NOW --------
submitted by unknownhaxkerr to EscrowMarket [link] [comments]

CC Fullz Shop - Verified Haxker - Famous on HF Forums


Are you stuck looking for cc fullz? purchase yours from a verified hacker usually.. i have over 1000+ cards available I tried some UK cards as well successfully. If you need it

my telegram is u/unknownhaxker

Feel free to join my telegram channel for FULLZ https://t.me/joinchat/AAAAAFk46fVyNEsaCArYjg

Please don’t go to me unless you’re experienced in clapping / carding

Ignore tags
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selling,Cvv2,fullz,Dumps+Track 1\2+acc,Paypal+contact me Email: [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected])
Yahoo ID: shoppywilliams Gmail : shoppywilliams u/gmail.com Google talk : shoppywilliams Outlook: shoppywilliams u/outlook.com
MAIL : I'm a hacker good and seller cvv good so now i have more cc for sale

!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!WELLCOME TO ALL CUSTOMER!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
2014 !

Contact

Email: [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected])

Yahoo ID: shoppywilliams

Gmail : shoppywilliams u/gmail.com

Google talk : shoppywilliams

Outlook: shoppywilliams u/outlook.com

==>> I'M A BIG HACKER REALLY IN ALL FORUM
===> I'm Seller for: CC, CVV US,UK,CA, EURO,AU, Italian,Japan,France,...all cc !
CC fullz info, CC DOB....for All !
- Us ( vis,mas ) = 5$/1cvv
- Us ( dis,amex ) = 7$/1cvv
- Uk ( vis,mas ) = 10$/1cvv
- Uk ( amex,dis) = 15$/1cvv
- Au = 15$/1cvv
- Ca = 15$/1cvv
- Eu = 20$/1cvv
- Itali = 20$/1cvv
- Spain = 20$/1cvv
- Denmark = 25$/1cvv
- Sweden = 20$/1cvv
- France = 15$/1
- Germany = 15$/1
- Ireland = 15$/1
- New zeland = 15$/1
- Switherland = 15$/1
- Slovakia = 15$/1
- Middle East = 15$/1cvv
- Asia = 15$/1cvv
- Uk with bin = 20$
- Uk with dob = 25$
- Uk with bin + dob = 30$
- Us full = 25$/1cvv
- Uk full = 35$/1cvv
- Eu full = 40$/1cvv
- And All CC - CVV Country

--------------------

CC fullz info, CC DOBDomain hosting.
PRICE LIST ALL CVV CVV2.
1cc US (visa) : 5$
1cc US(master) : 6$
1cc US(amex/discover):8$
1cc US with bin : 9$
1cc US fullz : 18$
1cc uk random : 10$
1cc uk with dob : 20$
1cc uk with bin : 10$
1cc uk bin dob : 25$
1cc uk fullz : 30$
1cc eu(visa /master) : 15$
1cc eu(Amex/Discover): 15$
1cc ca random : 6$
1cc ca bin : 12$
1cc ca fulls : 20$
1cc au random : 7$
1cc france : 15$
1cc france with dob : 20$
1cc germany : 15$
1cc germany with dob : 25$
1cc italy : 20$
1cc italy with dob : 40$
1cc japan : 15$
1cc japan with dob : 25$
1cc belgium : 12$
1cc denmark : 12$
1cc spain : 15$

Sample : Fresh FULZ INDIA

Number: 557664432400xxxx
EXP: 0316
CVV: 839
Name: Pankaj Kumar Neo
Country: INDIA
ZIP: 221010
City: Varanasi
Street: Flat no.15 siddarth
Phone: 054222227xx
DOB: 03/10/1981
SSN: none
MMN: Padama Devi Neot
Vbv1: 839
Vbv2: 1073

--------------------

Sample : Fresh UK FULZ

Account Open In: LD
Online ID: rgunn1x
ATM or Check Card PIN: 001755
Passcode: eg15
----------Credit/Debit Card and Other Accounts Details--------
CC Number: 4917541519978xxx
Exp Date: 05/2016
Cvv: 54x
CC PinNumber: eg1x
Account Number: 0520016xx
Routing Number: 365xxx
----------Credit/Debit Card ----------
Full Name: Ted Maclean
Address Line 1: 33 dorset house
Address Line 2: 4 kettering road
City: london
Zipcode: en3 6xa
Phone Number:+4470358425
E-mail: rg.gunn
----------Identification--------------

DOB: 04-04-1953
MMN: pinkney
Driver's Liecence No: g50076xxxxxx
-----SiteKeyChallengec Questions---

--------------------------

Format is:
Card Number | Exp. Date | CVV/CVV2 | First Name | Last Name | Street
City | State | Zip Code | Country | Phone | Type Of Card | Bank Name

All our cc are checked before sending.
We guarantee that our cc are good with good balances!
- RULE 1: I never sell the same CC, CVV to more than a person.
- RULE 2: I don't share CC, CVV for test free.
- RULE 3: All my CC, CVV always are fresh and live.
- RULE 4: All my CC, CVVs are checked.

*USA:101
MasterCard Standart, Visa Classic - $40
Visa Gold|Platinum|Corporate|Signature|Business ? $40
American Express - $30 ( WITHOUT SID )
Discover - $50

*CANADA:101 201
MasterCard, Visa Classic - $50
Visa Gold|Platinum|Corporate|Signature|Business ? $50

*EU:101 201
MasterCard, Visa Classic - $90
Visa Gold|Platinum|Corporate|Signature|Business ? $130
*Other countries:101 201MasterCard| Visa Classic - $70
Visa Gold|Platinum|Corporate|Signature|Business ? $100

*ASIA/AUSTRALIA/Exotic:101 , 201 , 121 and others
MasterCard| Visa Classic - $50
Visa Gold|Platinum|Corporate|Signature|Business ? $70

MSR PRICE :

MSR505 / MSR2000 : $ 549
MSR505 / MSR300* : $ 499
MSR505 / TA-48 : $ 639
MSR206 / MSR3000 : $ 729
MSR206 / MSR300 : $ 549
MSR206 2x MSR400 : $ 900
MSR206 2x MSR500m (Mini123) : $ 875
MSR206 2x TA-32 : $ 990
MSR206 2x CRM42 : $ 869
MSR206 2xCRM41 : $ 929

Uk CVV $20 for one Amex/Disc FULLZ INFO
Uk CVV $20 for one MasteVisa FULLZ INFO
Uk with dob $25 for one cw FULLZ INFO
EU CVV $20 for one Disc/Amex FULLZ INFO
EU CVV $25 with DOB for one MasteVisa FULLZ INFO
ARAB CVV $30 MasteVisa FULLZ INFO
US FULL INFO CC $25 DOB SSN ETCCCCCCCC
MIX CC ONLY
UK CC NORMAL $9 WITH DOB $25 Randon with Bin $1 extra fee

Sample Fresh US FULZ

Full Name : james gilmor
Date of Birth : Aug/28/xxxx
Mother's Maiden Name : gunderman
Social Security Number : 090/42/xxxx
Home Phone Number : 516-935-xxxx
Adress Line 1 : 125 cortland ave
Adress Line 2 :
City : hicksville
State : ny
Zip Code : 11801
Contry : United States

Debit or credit card number : 559460000069xxxx
Expiration date : 06 / 15
Card Verification Number : 991x
SecourCode : 748
Card Signature/PIN : 038x

------------------

First Name : Donna
Middle Name : L
Last Name : Buchanax
Spouse Name :
Father Name :
Billing Address : 9970C W. Royal Oak Rd.
City : Sun City
State : AZ
Zip Code : 85351
Country : US
Phone Number : 623-974-9422
Credit Card Information :
*********
Card Type : Debit
Credit Card Number : 474488008092xxxx
Exp. Date : 3/March / 2016
Name On Card : Donna L. Buchanan
Cvv2 : 822
Mother Maiden Name : Edwards
Social Security Number : 365420562
Birth Day : 23
Birth Month : 09
Birth Year : 1943
Card Verification Number : 991x
SecourCode : 748
Card Signature/PIN : 038x
Account Information :
*******
AOL ID : [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected])
Password : luper123
-------------------------------

======> Prices For Western Union Online -Transfer(Eu,Uk,Asia,Ca,Us,France,Ger,Ita,AU and very easy to cashout
African)
=====>>> do Transfer WU ($ / £ / Euro )
-500$ = 9000$
-300$ = 5000$
-200$ = 3000$
-100$ = 1500$

After Payment 45Min u will get MTCN to cash money

MTCN : 386-919-3122 / 112-378-6613 / 075-973-8623 / .........!!!!
=====>>> Acc Paypal
And have more Bank account login with more country , If u real want to buy and make bussiness with me let's

---With Paypal Veritified-----

- Paypal Veritified with balance 1000$ = 100$
- Paypal Veritified with balance 3000$ = 200$
- Paypal Veritified with balance 5000$ = 350$
- Paypal Veritified with balance 8000$ = 500$

I only have some balance like as , so someone don't ask me about low balance or high balance about paypal

-------------------------------------------------- --------------------

=====> With Bank and Tracks,Dumps
- Tracks 1&2 US = 55$ per 1
- Tracks 1&2 UK = 70$ per 1
- Tracks 1&2 ca / au = 80$ per 1
- Tracks 1&2 EU = 90$ per 1

Will check with hight balance

Track1=5232556061018719WYATT/ROBERTSON1007101171410000271000000
Track2=5232556061018719=10071011000042400000
pin: 5678 5432,5187 ,5505,and much pin other

=====>>> Ship shop all
Ship iphone : 4g 150$ per 1
Ship iphone : 3gs 100$ per 1
Ship ipad : 150$ per 1
Ship Laptop : Vaio 200$ per 1
Ship Laptop : Dell 150$ per 1
Ship Laptop : HP 100$ per 1
SHIP LAPTOP APPLE = 150$
SHIP LAPTOP HP + DELL = 120$
SHIP LAPTOP TOSHIBA = 80$
SHIP LAPTOP LENOVO = 100$

=====>>> Bank Logins Prices US UK CA AU EU
1 . Balance > 5000 = 200$
2 . Balance > 10000 = 350$
3 . Balance > 15000 = 500$
4 . Balance > 20000 = 650$
5 . Balance > 27000 = 800$

Balance In Chase : 70K To 155K = 160$
Balance In Wachovia : 24K To 80K = 80$
Balance In Boa : 75K To 450K = 300$
Balance In Credit Union : Any Amount = 300$
Balance In Hallifax : ANY AMOUNT = 300$
Balance In Compass : ANY AMOUNT = 300$
Balance In Wellsfargo : ANY AMOUNT = 300$
Balance In Barclays : 80K To 100K = 400$
Balance In Abbey : 82K = 700$
Balance in Hsbc : 50K = 350$

---------Contact -----------

+++++++++++Skype ID : cvvcharlie2014

- And have more Bank account login with more country
- If u real want to buy and make bussiness with me let's contact me now
- dont trust dont talk more
- you send money => i send Cvv2 good
- no test free
- u can buy 1 test,if good u can buy more
- if not good ,i will change for u
- i very hate do spam or rip and i don't want who spam me
- all my cvv are tested before sell, that's sure
- i accept PM (Perfect money) or WU but i only accept WU > 100
- I was so happy to see you actually make more money from the business with me
thank you all ... When you believe I and work with me
- contact me ...if you need me

I ACCEPT PAYMENT ONLY : PERFECT MONEY or WESTERN UNION or BITCOIN or EGOPAY

MY CONTACT INFOS..:

Email: [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected])

Yahoo ID: shoppywilliams

Gmail : shoppywilliams u/gmail.com

Google talk : shoppywilliams

Outlook: shoppywilliams u/outlook.com

NO TEST
NO DEMO
NO FREE FRESH OR DEAD CARD
CONTACT ME ONLY WHEN U READY TO BUY OR READY FOR GOOD DEAL

-------- SELL GOOD STUFFS BOOK ALL TICKETS NOW --------
submitted by unknownhaxkerr to market [link] [comments]

CC Fullz Shop - Verified Haxker (Famous on HF) - Top Tier EZ Cashouts

CC Fullz Shop - Verified Haxker (Famous on HF) - Top Tier EZ Cashouts

Are you stuck looking for cc fullz? purchase yours from a verified hacker usually.. i have over 1000+ cards available I tried some UK cards as well successfully. If you need it

my telegram is u/unknownhaxker

Feel free to join my telegram channel for FULLZ https://t.me/joinchat/AAAAAFk46fVyNEsaCArYjg

Please don’t go to me unless you’re experienced in clapping / carding

Ignore tags
Free bins cvv cvv2 fullz fullz cc free how to get fullz free bin lookup credit card numbers fraudbible fraudbible2020 fraud bible 2020 teejayx6 teejaymethod cashapp flipping Venmo PayPal carding cashapp dropping money flips easy money how to scam how to be a scammer yeezy method stockx method sell cc fresh, cc good, paypal account, bank login, bank transfer,track 1/2 pin, bank transfer, wu transfer sell bank login uk, online bank account hacking software, sell bank login, sell bank transfer, hacking bank account, hacking bank online, hacker bank transfer, hacker bank account sell track us, sell track us with pin, sell track track, sell track forum, sell track with pin, sell track track1 track2 sell track track 1/2 china, sell track china with pin, sell track dubai, track asian, sell track 101, sell track 201, track 101 pin sell cc au, sell cc au fresh good, sell cc au valid live, sell cc au best balance, sell cc au fullz info, sell cc shopping, cc shop, sell cc fullz sell cc eu, sell cc eu cheap live, sell cc eu fullz info, sell cc eu with bin, sell cc with bin, sell cc pass vbv, sell cc non, sell cc good cheap, sell fresh cc sell cc uk fresh, sell cc uk high balance, cc uk pass vbv, sell cc uk fullz info, sell cc uk, cc for sale, sell cc good live, sell cc valid, store cc CVV 2020 : 2020 ATM Dumps Card ,buy dumps pin ,buy dumps 2020 with pin ,Buy Dumps with PIN USA ,carding amazon ,carding tutorial ,cc dumps, sites CCV ,Shop cvv dumps ,dumps Dumps Card ATM ,dumps cvv ,dumps online ,dumps shop ,Dumps Track 1+2(101 ,dumps track with pin ,dumps usa with pin ,dumps with pin ,New Updates Dumps, Sale CVV Good Sell CVV check bin ,Sell CVV Fullz info ,Sell CVV Good ,Sell CVV Uk full ,Sell CVV USA Fresh ,Sell CVV with Dob, Sell Dumps Good ,Sell dumps Pin USA ,Sell Dumps Track 1+2, Sell Dumps Track 101 with PIN, Sell Dumps Track with Pin ,Sell Dumps USA Good ,Sell Dumps with Pin, Sell Dumps with Pin 101, Sell Dumps with PIN Track 1 Track 2 ,Sell Dumps with PIN Track 1 Track 2 Pin ,dumps shop , sell dumps , dumps with pin , sell dumps with pin , sell dumps shop , buy dumps shop , dumps with pin store , buy dumps ,sell track 1&2 + pin , sell track , buy track 1&2 + pin 2020 , sell shop , buy shop , seller dumps , verify dumps shop , valid dumps shop , valid shop ,valid dumps 2020 , good dumps 2020 , good dumps shop , good shop ,sell track 1 , sell track 2 , dumps shop eu , dumps shop chinese , sell dumps us , sell dumps chinese , sell atm skimmer , sell strype card , sell msr ,sell Plastic card ,sell dumps , dumpsshop
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selling,Cvv2,fullz,Dumps+Track 1\2+acc,Paypal+contact me Email: [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected])
Yahoo ID: shoppywilliams Gmail : shoppywilliams u/gmail.com Google talk : shoppywilliams Outlook: shoppywilliams u/outlook.com
MAIL : I'm a hacker good and seller cvv good so now i have more cc for sale

!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!WELLCOME TO ALL CUSTOMER!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
2014 !

Contact

Email: [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected])

Yahoo ID: shoppywilliams

Gmail : shoppywilliams u/gmail.com

Google talk : shoppywilliams

Outlook: shoppywilliams u/outlook.com

==>> I'M A BIG HACKER REALLY IN ALL FORUM
===> I'm Seller for: CC, CVV US,UK,CA, EURO,AU, Italian,Japan,France,...all cc !
CC fullz info, CC DOB....for All !
- Us ( vis,mas ) = 5$/1cvv
- Us ( dis,amex ) = 7$/1cvv
- Uk ( vis,mas ) = 10$/1cvv
- Uk ( amex,dis) = 15$/1cvv
- Au = 15$/1cvv
- Ca = 15$/1cvv
- Eu = 20$/1cvv
- Itali = 20$/1cvv
- Spain = 20$/1cvv
- Denmark = 25$/1cvv
- Sweden = 20$/1cvv
- France = 15$/1
- Germany = 15$/1
- Ireland = 15$/1
- New zeland = 15$/1
- Switherland = 15$/1
- Slovakia = 15$/1
- Middle East = 15$/1cvv
- Asia = 15$/1cvv
- Uk with bin = 20$
- Uk with dob = 25$
- Uk with bin + dob = 30$
- Us full = 25$/1cvv
- Uk full = 35$/1cvv
- Eu full = 40$/1cvv
- And All CC - CVV Country

--------------------

CC fullz info, CC DOBDomain hosting.
PRICE LIST ALL CVV CVV2.
1cc US (visa) : 5$
1cc US(master) : 6$
1cc US(amex/discover):8$
1cc US with bin : 9$
1cc US fullz : 18$
1cc uk random : 10$
1cc uk with dob : 20$
1cc uk with bin : 10$
1cc uk bin dob : 25$
1cc uk fullz : 30$
1cc eu(visa /master) : 15$
1cc eu(Amex/Discover): 15$
1cc ca random : 6$
1cc ca bin : 12$
1cc ca fulls : 20$
1cc au random : 7$
1cc france : 15$
1cc france with dob : 20$
1cc germany : 15$
1cc germany with dob : 25$
1cc italy : 20$
1cc italy with dob : 40$
1cc japan : 15$
1cc japan with dob : 25$
1cc belgium : 12$
1cc denmark : 12$
1cc spain : 15$

Sample : Fresh FULZ INDIA

Number: 557664432400xxxx
EXP: 0316
CVV: 839
Name: Pankaj Kumar Neo
Country: INDIA
ZIP: 221010
City: Varanasi
Street: Flat no.15 siddarth
Phone: 054222227xx
DOB: 03/10/1981
SSN: none
MMN: Padama Devi Neot
Vbv1: 839
Vbv2: 1073

--------------------

Sample : Fresh UK FULZ

Account Open In: LD
Online ID: rgunn1x
ATM or Check Card PIN: 001755
Passcode: eg15
----------Credit/Debit Card and Other Accounts Details--------
CC Number: 4917541519978xxx
Exp Date: 05/2016
Cvv: 54x
CC PinNumber: eg1x
Account Number: 0520016xx
Routing Number: 365xxx
----------Credit/Debit Card ----------
Full Name: Ted Maclean
Address Line 1: 33 dorset house
Address Line 2: 4 kettering road
City: london
Zipcode: en3 6xa
Phone Number:+4470358425
E-mail: rg.gunn
----------Identification--------------

DOB: 04-04-1953
MMN: pinkney
Driver's Liecence No: g50076xxxxxx
-----SiteKeyChallengec Questions---

--------------------------

Format is:
Card Number | Exp. Date | CVV/CVV2 | First Name | Last Name | Street
City | State | Zip Code | Country | Phone | Type Of Card | Bank Name

All our cc are checked before sending.
We guarantee that our cc are good with good balances!
- RULE 1: I never sell the same CC, CVV to more than a person.
- RULE 2: I don't share CC, CVV for test free.
- RULE 3: All my CC, CVV always are fresh and live.
- RULE 4: All my CC, CVVs are checked.

*USA:101
MasterCard Standart, Visa Classic - $40
Visa Gold|Platinum|Corporate|Signature|Business ? $40
American Express - $30 ( WITHOUT SID )
Discover - $50

*CANADA:101 201
MasterCard, Visa Classic - $50
Visa Gold|Platinum|Corporate|Signature|Business ? $50

*EU:101 201
MasterCard, Visa Classic - $90
Visa Gold|Platinum|Corporate|Signature|Business ? $130
*Other countries:101 201MasterCard| Visa Classic - $70
Visa Gold|Platinum|Corporate|Signature|Business ? $100

*ASIA/AUSTRALIA/Exotic:101 , 201 , 121 and others
MasterCard| Visa Classic - $50
Visa Gold|Platinum|Corporate|Signature|Business ? $70

MSR PRICE :

MSR505 / MSR2000 : $ 549
MSR505 / MSR300* : $ 499
MSR505 / TA-48 : $ 639
MSR206 / MSR3000 : $ 729
MSR206 / MSR300 : $ 549
MSR206 2x MSR400 : $ 900
MSR206 2x MSR500m (Mini123) : $ 875
MSR206 2x TA-32 : $ 990
MSR206 2x CRM42 : $ 869
MSR206 2xCRM41 : $ 929

Uk CVV $20 for one Amex/Disc FULLZ INFO
Uk CVV $20 for one MasteVisa FULLZ INFO
Uk with dob $25 for one cw FULLZ INFO
EU CVV $20 for one Disc/Amex FULLZ INFO
EU CVV $25 with DOB for one MasteVisa FULLZ INFO
ARAB CVV $30 MasteVisa FULLZ INFO
US FULL INFO CC $25 DOB SSN ETCCCCCCCC
MIX CC ONLY
UK CC NORMAL $9 WITH DOB $25 Randon with Bin $1 extra fee

Sample Fresh US FULZ

Full Name : james gilmor
Date of Birth : Aug/28/xxxx
Mother's Maiden Name : gunderman
Social Security Number : 090/42/xxxx
Home Phone Number : 516-935-xxxx
Adress Line 1 : 125 cortland ave
Adress Line 2 :
City : hicksville
State : ny
Zip Code : 11801
Contry : United States

Debit or credit card number : 559460000069xxxx
Expiration date : 06 / 15
Card Verification Number : 991x
SecourCode : 748
Card Signature/PIN : 038x

------------------

First Name : Donna
Middle Name : L
Last Name : Buchanax
Spouse Name :
Father Name :
Billing Address : 9970C W. Royal Oak Rd.
City : Sun City
State : AZ
Zip Code : 85351
Country : US
Phone Number : 623-974-9422
Credit Card Information :
*********
Card Type : Debit
Credit Card Number : 474488008092xxxx
Exp. Date : 3/March / 2016
Name On Card : Donna L. Buchanan
Cvv2 : 822
Mother Maiden Name : Edwards
Social Security Number : 365420562
Birth Day : 23
Birth Month : 09
Birth Year : 1943
Card Verification Number : 991x
SecourCode : 748
Card Signature/PIN : 038x
Account Information :
*******
AOL ID : [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected])
Password : luper123
-------------------------------

======> Prices For Western Union Online -Transfer(Eu,Uk,Asia,Ca,Us,France,Ger,Ita,AU and very easy to cashout
African)
=====>>> do Transfer WU ($ / £ / Euro )
-500$ = 9000$
-300$ = 5000$
-200$ = 3000$
-100$ = 1500$

After Payment 45Min u will get MTCN to cash money

MTCN : 386-919-3122 / 112-378-6613 / 075-973-8623 / .........!!!!
=====>>> Acc Paypal
And have more Bank account login with more country , If u real want to buy and make bussiness with me let's

---With Paypal Veritified-----

- Paypal Veritified with balance 1000$ = 100$
- Paypal Veritified with balance 3000$ = 200$
- Paypal Veritified with balance 5000$ = 350$
- Paypal Veritified with balance 8000$ = 500$

I only have some balance like as , so someone don't ask me about low balance or high balance about paypal

-------------------------------------------------- --------------------

=====> With Bank and Tracks,Dumps
- Tracks 1&2 US = 55$ per 1
- Tracks 1&2 UK = 70$ per 1
- Tracks 1&2 ca / au = 80$ per 1
- Tracks 1&2 EU = 90$ per 1

Will check with hight balance

Track1=5232556061018719WYATT/ROBERTSON1007101171410000271000000
Track2=5232556061018719=10071011000042400000
pin: 5678 5432,5187 ,5505,and much pin other

=====>>> Ship shop all
Ship iphone : 4g 150$ per 1
Ship iphone : 3gs 100$ per 1
Ship ipad : 150$ per 1
Ship Laptop : Vaio 200$ per 1
Ship Laptop : Dell 150$ per 1
Ship Laptop : HP 100$ per 1
SHIP LAPTOP APPLE = 150$
SHIP LAPTOP HP + DELL = 120$
SHIP LAPTOP TOSHIBA = 80$
SHIP LAPTOP LENOVO = 100$

=====>>> Bank Logins Prices US UK CA AU EU
1 . Balance > 5000 = 200$
2 . Balance > 10000 = 350$
3 . Balance > 15000 = 500$
4 . Balance > 20000 = 650$
5 . Balance > 27000 = 800$

Balance In Chase : 70K To 155K = 160$
Balance In Wachovia : 24K To 80K = 80$
Balance In Boa : 75K To 450K = 300$
Balance In Credit Union : Any Amount = 300$
Balance In Hallifax : ANY AMOUNT = 300$
Balance In Compass : ANY AMOUNT = 300$
Balance In Wellsfargo : ANY AMOUNT = 300$
Balance In Barclays : 80K To 100K = 400$
Balance In Abbey : 82K = 700$
Balance in Hsbc : 50K = 350$

---------Contact -----------

+++++++++++Skype ID : cvvcharlie2014

- And have more Bank account login with more country
- If u real want to buy and make bussiness with me let's contact me now
- dont trust dont talk more
- you send money => i send Cvv2 good
- no test free
- u can buy 1 test,if good u can buy more
- if not good ,i will change for u
- i very hate do spam or rip and i don't want who spam me
- all my cvv are tested before sell, that's sure
- i accept PM (Perfect money) or WU but i only accept WU > 100
- I was so happy to see you actually make more money from the business with me
thank you all ... When you believe I and work with me
- contact me ...if you need me

I ACCEPT PAYMENT ONLY : PERFECT MONEY or WESTERN UNION or BITCOIN or EGOPAY

MY CONTACT INFOS..:

Email: [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected])

Yahoo ID: shoppywilliams

Gmail : shoppywilliams u/gmail.com

Google talk : shoppywilliams

Outlook: shoppywilliams u/outlook.com

NO TEST
NO DEMO
NO FREE FRESH OR DEAD CARD
CONTACT ME ONLY WHEN U READY TO BUY OR READY FOR GOOD DEAL

-------- SELL GOOD STUFFS BOOK ALL TICKETS NOW --------
submitted by unknownhaxkerr to Scamily [link] [comments]

How to Get Your Coinbase Bitcoin Wallet Address - YouTube How to find your bitcoin address on cex.io - YouTube Cryptocurrency Wallete  How To Create Bitcoin Address/Wallet  BTC Wallet Tutorial How to get a Bitcoin Wallet Address - FREE & in under a ... How to Find the private key of any blockchain address ...

Bitcoin Address Validator. Check a Bitcoin address for its validity. This tool will see if the given string of text is indeed a correct and valid Bitcoin address. This tool can come in handy when verifying an address before sending any Bitcoins to it. Some key facts about valid Bitcoin addresses: A Bitcoin address is between 25 and 34 ... Check Generates a Hash160 from a BitCoin's public key. Public keys are either the first 65 bytes (130 hex characters) of a scriptPubKey or the last 65 bytes of a scriptSig. Task. Write a program that takes a bitcoin address as argument, and checks whether or not this address is valid.. A bitcoin address uses a base58 encoding, which uses an alphabet of the characters 0 .. 9, A ..Z, a .. z, but without the four characters: Bitcoin Address Check to see if it has been reported as a scam ; Report a bitcoin scammer like the bitcoin sextortion porn scam email, investment scam, or mining scam; Check a bitcoin wallet balance; Find a bitcoin address owner; Bitcoin Wallet Transaction Alerts notify you by email when a bitcoin address has activity on the blockchain ; View, monitor and search bitcoin ownership and wallet ... The way Bitcoin checks a public address is using what is called Base58Check.While the Bitcoin Wiki covers Base58Check, I'll outline how it works in both abstract and technical terms.. The whole idea of Base58Check is to prevent invalid addresses. This is done by adding digits to the start (00) and end of the Base58 value (4 bytes of double SHA256 hash).

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How to Get Your Coinbase Bitcoin Wallet Address - YouTube

Take my Microsoft Forms Pro Online Course to learn everything you need to capture, analyze, and act on customer and employee feedback with this simple-yet-po... http://coinrepublic.com/ This video explains how to log into and get your Bitcoin Wallet Address in the Coinbase online wallet system. https://coinbase.com/?... If you want to someone to send you money to your Bitcoin account, Give them this address. you may donate to our network via Bitcoin as well :) Bitcoin addres... The piece of code used in this video can be found here. http://rosettacode.org/wiki/Bitcoin/address_validation#PHP How To Create Bitcoin Address/Wallet. Today I am going to show you how to create cryptocurrecy wallet address. Cryptocurrency like bitcoin so you can Easy Create Address or id in bitcoin core wallet.

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